Mind maps

I've always thought of myself as being a reader. Growing up I loved to lose myself in a book and explore the ideas that the author created in the pages. However, during my time at university ๐ŸŽ“ I fell out the habit of reading books for fun. I felt that any time I was reading it needed to be related to software engineering and continued this after university when reading had to be explicitly related to iOS development. I felt a pang of guilt reading non-technical books that quickly had me returning to technical reading.

This mindset was, of course, unintentional and went unnoticed for many years. It wasn't until early 2017 when I picked a copy of Difficult Conversations off a bookshelf that I re-discovered how essential reading more widely is. Reading a book on any topic is (almost) never wasted time. The books that I've been reading while not directly related to programming have made me a better developer. My increased exposure to reading outside of directly technical books has proven to be a mini-revolution for me ๐Ÿš€.

However, I noticed that when reading, the insights and knowledge that I gained would often only be short-term. Within weeks only the main points would still be there and within months even those often faded to just an idea or two. After years - pfft forget it. Which felt like a waste. I knew from my school days that to reinforce my learning I should write about it but I'm busy, and I don't really want to write an essay about each book I read. When searching for a non-time-intensive strategy to ensure that my reading wasn't wasted I discovered Mind Maps. A mind map is a quick visual representation of a subject's main ideas. A mind map is a means to jog your memory and as such should be highly personal to you. I find mind mapping to be time efficient way to reinforce my learning.

Despite mind maps being highly personal in nature, I've decided to share them with you below, in case you can gain some value from them.

Difficult Conversations

We've all been in conversations that we would rather avoid. Having to tell someone that you don't agree with something they have done can be a fraught and challenging thing to do. Those conversations if not handled correctly can be incredibly destructive. Difficult Conversations is part self-help, part practical guide. The first ~200 pages are about knowing yourself and questioning your own reasons for wanting to have that conversation (or for wanting to avoid it). The rest of the book covers strategies for having that conversation - the strategies are varied and detailed, with believable examples to learn from.

Difficult Conversations helped me to understand that often it's not that difficult people are arseholes or bad-guys but rather that everyone finds themselves in shitty situations from time to time and that most people are just trying to do their best. Of course, their best may have a negative impact on you but that impact is often unintentional.

Most importantly it details that feeling upset about a situation is perfectly normal and that we shouldn't ignore our emotions but equally, we can be driven purely by them.

Mind map link

Never Split the Difference

"A former FBI hostage negotiator offers a new, field-tested approach to negotiating โ€“ effective in any situation"

Chris Voss has the ability to draw you into a chapter by opening with how a real life hostage situation played out - from there he explores the pros and cons of the approach that he (or others) took in that situation and lays out what he learnt from it.

The books can be split into 3 sections:

  1. Discovery.
  2. Building.
  3. Making a Deal.

Most chapters touch on all 3 sections at once but with one being the focus.

My main takeaways from Never Split the Difference were:

  1. How to build tactical empathy,
  2. Know what you want before you start.
  3. Get ready to get uncomfortable.
  4. The power of odd numbers.

Mind map link

Investing for Dummies

A bit of everything here. Coming from a position of little knowledge of the investment world I feel that this book allowed me to get a good board sense of a number of topics without ever drowning me.

Even through I read it cover to cover I feel that it will become a useful reference book.

Mind map link

Rich Dad, Poor Dad

It's a little embarrassing that I've managed to get to my age without reading a book on personal finance. Rich Dad, Poor Dad is a little wordy at some points and a little vague at other points, but overall I learnt a lot from it. The core idea is that knowledge or action on their own aren't enough, it's only by combining both that it's possible to free oneself from needing to rely on a job for income by achieving financial freedom via building assets.

I enjoyed reading Rich Dad, Poor Dad and I feel inspired to learn more about making my money work better for my future.

Mind map link

The Pragmatic Programmer

A collection of tips on how to be the most productive programmer that you can be. Throughout the The Pragmatic Programmer, a key message is to actually understand what you are doing by stopping and thinking about it i.e. take your time to go fast - through the following chapters: Assertive Programming, Prototypes, Tracer Bullets, Documentation, Testing or Refactoring.

While this book is a few years old now, the content is still (for the most part) relevant and I found it easy enough to jump in and out the chapters in any order.

Mind map link

The Elements of Style

Sadly at school, I didn't pay a lot of attention during grammar lessons so I found The Elements of Style to be a challenging read - this was no fault of the author. This short book, offers tips and techniques on how to write in a manner that ensures that your meaning is not lost due to poor structure or word choice. Each tip or technique is backed up by multiple examples and there is a well-stocked glossary for those unfamiliar terms

Running throughout the book is the idea that brevity is key to writing well.

Mind map link

On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft

It was in 2011 when I first came across On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft by Stephen King when a colleague mentioned that if I was serious about writing I needed to read it. But I didn't. It was not until the tail end of 2018 that I finally did, after stumbling upon it at a local charity shop. Part of my reasoning was that I was interested in writing nonfiction and I wasn't too sure if the content in this book would be a good fit for that. The other part of my reasoning was that the time it would take me to read the book was time that I could have spent actually writing - you know, actually doing it. Needless to say, this line of thought is an example of false economy and I should have read this book a lot sooner than I did.

Having read a few of Stephen King's books (mainly the non-horror ones) I really enjoy his style and it continues here - he has an ability to draw you and hand out his pearls of wisdom in an easy to understand, causal and entertaining manner.

While not all the points he raised are relevant to my writing needs, my main takeaways are:

  1. Be honest in your writing.
  2. You can't please everyone.
  3. Write without fear.

Mind map link

Soft Skills

Soft Skills covers a range of topics related to programming but not programming itself. Topics covered are:

  1. Career
  2. Marketing yourself
  3. Learning
  4. Productivity
  5. Financial
  6. Fitness
  7. Spirit

So a real mix bag of topics. I decided to read it mainly for the Marketing yourself and Learning topics but I also ended up reading Career, Productivity and Spirit. I found the point raised in this book to be interesting if not groundbreaking, a lot of the points I had already learnt through various blog posts and books that I've read over the years. It was however useful to see all these points collected together in the one place with one voice looking at each that meant that each point flowed into the next. This allowed for improved comprehension in each of those topics and made it easier to link them together into a plan.

Mind map link


A look at how our perception of the world is often distorted because of basic human instincts and how we can challenge those instincts to get a better view of how things really are. All backed up by data and kept moving by insightful and entertaining stories.

Mind map link

Deep Work

A set of tips and techniques on how to get more from the time that we spend working and studying. It explores the different types of work that exist and how different systems work for different people. My main takeaway was that in order to get the most from any form of work you must remove all distractions when you are working and set tight time limits for that work - once the time limit has been passed you should stop so that you burn out.

Mind map link

Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow

An in-depth look at how humanity came to dominate the plant and what the future could hold for us in both spirituality and technology. Really thought-provoking stuff and set in the very near future so extremely relevant. You can actually see some of the ideas coming to pass with the new health features on the Apple Watch series 4.

Mind map link


A look at how the All Blacks engineered their culture to turn them into the most successful international rugby team ever and how those social engineering points can be applied to ourselves and our own teams. The book itself has 15 chapters and IMHO 7 topics:

  1. Responsibility.
  2. Handling pressure.
  3. Creating a learning environment.
  4. Character.
  5. Purpose.
  6. Setting expectations/goals.
  7. Adapting to change.

While some of the 15 chapters felt like repeats of earlier chapters I found this book to be a useful read and if like me you are an avid rugby fan actually really enjoyable.

Mind map link

The Negotiation Book

If you don't ask, you don't get.

The Negotiation Book is a look at how to get what you want from a negotiation. Once you understand what type of negotiation you are in, the author then details the different techniques that can be used to ensure that are happy with the outcome. It sounds like it should be a dry book but Steve Gates does a great job in turning it into an entertaining read and I don't think I would be exaggerating to say that I found it an actual page-turner.

Mind map link

How to write better essays

I've always enjoyed writing, especially the ability it gives you to take your time and really think through an idea before describing it. Conversation by comparison can often seem more ad-hoc and prone to the failings of your own memory. Despite valuing the written word so highly, for many years I devalued how the structure of that writing can have a massive impact on the success of that writing to convey an idea. I found How to write better essays to be a really useful book for describing different techniques on structure my writing. While it's aimed at students writing graded essays rather than bloggers sharing their thoughts, I found large sections of it to be really useful.

Mind map link

Change Management

Change happens, we can either help get the wheels turning and then steer it or be trampled under those wheels. This book offers simple techniques on how to conduct change and common issues often derail the change. Most points in the book boil down to communicating well and being honest.

Mind map link

Mind Mapping

A detailed (but brief) look at what mind mapping is - including practical steps on how to get the most from our mind maps.

Mind map link

Getting Gamers

Each game is different with its own set of rules, objectives and culture. Some games have cultures that are toxic and some delightful. This book looks at how that culture is created and how by manipulating different aspects of a game, the culture of surrounding a game can be shaped. More a psychology book than anything else and one that just happened to use gaming as a background. I was able to take away a number of insights in this book that I applied to the team I was leading at that time. Highly recommend reading this book to anyone interested in either gaming or building a company/team culture. Delightful.

Mind map link


No one wants to be a bad leader but we have all meet bad leaders - why is that?. Often people are placed into positions of leadership without any guidance because they were good at being a follower. I've had the good fortune of leading two different iOS development teams at two different companies and it's fair to say that I made my own share of mistakes (and dare I say a few successes in there), I found this book to be insightful about what leadership means and how to be an effective leader without the book itself being a tomb. Useful reading.

Mind map link

13 Things Mentally Strong People Don't Do

A self-help guide to using mental techniques to handle the challenges that everyday life can throw at all of us. This was very much an impulse purchase and I only dipped into a few chapters but the chapters that appealed to me provided to be highly insightful.

Mind map link

Zero To Hero

No denying that PayPal is a success story and that the founders of PayPal have gone on to further success demonstrates that they really had something special about them. As one of those founders, Peter Thiel shares his views on business in Zero to Hero. This book was certainly an interesting read and well worth it especially the sections on what is required to turn a good idea into a successful product: finding your niche, trying to avoid competition for as long as possible and planning well to reduce your reliance on luck.

Mind map link